Study of techniques for tracking the position and eye movements: a bachelor thesis
The gaze tracking devices can be defined as the equipment designed to measure the direction of the look of an individual. Are devices used primarily in assisting disability that means you can not motor.
- face detection;
- the detection of the eye area;
- the evaluation of the gaze.
To achieve this last point are exploited six different features. These features are divided into two categories: lateral and vertical. The features lateral measure the amount of sclera to the sides of the irises, while the vertical ones measure the white part above them. Careful combination of these values allows the estimation of the direction of gaze with respect to the grid boxes.
The program has made an initial calibration phase, where the user is encouraged to look at each of the boxes for a given period. Later, the user can form words and sentences. In the program have been implemented, a predictive dictionary and other aspects of writing such as cancellation of a letter or the selection of another word from the dictionary.
 – Armanini, A., & Conci, N. (2010, April). Eye tracking as an accessible assistive tool. In 11th International Workshop on Image Analysis for Multimedia Interactive Services WIAMIS 10 (pp. 1-4). IEEE. (link)